5. Building Iroha

In this guide we will learn how to install all dependencies, required to build Iroha and how to actually build it.

There will be 3 steps:

  1. Installing environment prerequisites
  2. Installing Iroha dependencies (will be performed automatically for Docker)
  3. Building Iroha

Note

You don’t need to build Iroha to start using it. Instead, you can download prepared Docker image from the Hub, this process explained in details in the Quick Start Guide page of this documentation.

5.1. Prerequisites

In order to successfully build Iroha, we need to configure the environment. There are several ways to do it and we will describe all of them.

Currently, we support Unix-like systems (we are basically targeting popular Linux distros and MacOS). If you happen to have Windows or you don’t want to spend time installing all dependencies you might want to consider using Docker environment. Also, Windows users might consider using WSL

Technically Iroha can be built under Windows natively in experimental mode. This guide covers that way too. All the stages related to native Windows build are separated from the main flow due to its significant differences.

Please choose your preferred platform below for a quick access:

Hint

Having troubles? Check FAQ section or communicate to us directly, in case you were stuck on something. We don’t expect this to happen, but some issues with an environment are possible.

5.1.1. Docker

First of all, you need to install docker and docker-compose. You can read how to install it on the Docker’s website

Note

Please, use the latest available docker daemon and docker-compose.

Then you should clone the Iroha repository to the directory of your choice:

git clone -b master https://github.com/hyperledger/iroha --depth=1

Hint

--depth=1 option allows us to download only latest commit and save some time and bandwidth. If you want to get a full commit history, you can omit this option.

When it is done, you need to run the development environment. Run the scripts/run-iroha-dev.sh script:

bash scripts/run-iroha-dev.sh

Hint

Please make sure that Docker is running before executing the script. MacOS users could find a Docker icon in system tray, Linux users can use systemctl start docker

After you execute this script, the following things will happen:

  1. The script will check whether you have containers with Iroha already running. Successful completion finishes with the new container shell.
  2. The script will download hyperledger/iroha:develop-build and postgres images. hyperledger/iroha:develop-build image contains all development dependencies and is based on top of ubuntu:18.04. postgres image is required for starting and running Iroha.
  3. Two containers are created and launched.
  4. The user is attached to the interactive environment for development and testing with iroha folder mounted from the host machine. Iroha folder is mounted to /opt/iroha in Docker container.

Now your are ready to build Iroha! Please go directly to Building Iroha section.

5.1.2. Linux

To build Iroha, you will need the following packages:

build-essential git tar ninja-build curl unzip cmake

Use this code to install environment dependencies on Debian-based Linux distro.

apt-get update; \
apt-get -y --no-install-recommends install \
build-essential ninja-build \
git tar curl unzip cmake

Note

If you are willing to actively develop Iroha and to build shared libraries, please consider installing the latest release of CMake.

Now you are ready to install Iroha dependencies.

5.1.3. MacOS

If you want to build Iroha from scratch and actively develop it, please use the following code to install all environment dependencies with Homebrew:

xcode-select --install
brew install cmake ninja git gcc@7

Hint

To install the Homebrew itself please run

ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/homebrew/install/master/install)"

Now you are ready to install Iroha dependencies.

5.1.4. Windows

Note

All the listed commands are designed for building 64-bit version of Iroha.

5.1.4.1. Chocolatey Package Manager

First of all you need Chocolatey package manager installed. Please refer the guide for chocolatey installation.

5.1.4.2. Building the Toolset

Install CMake, Git, Microsoft compilers via chocolatey being in Administrative mode of command prompt:

choco install cmake git visualstudio2019-workload-vctools ninja

PostgreSQL is not a build dependency, but it is recommended to install it now for the testing later:

choco install postgresql
# Don't forget the password you set!

Now you are ready to install Iroha dependencies.

5.2. Installing dependencies with Vcpkg Dependency Manager

Currently we use Vcpkg as a dependency manager for all platforms - Linux, Windows and MacOS. We use a fixed version of Vcpkg to ensure the patches we need will work.

That stable version can only be found inside the Iroha repository, so we will need to clone Iroha. The whole process is pretty similar for all platforms but the exact commands are slightly different.

5.2.1. Linux and MacOS

Run in terminal:

git clone https://github.com/hyperledger/iroha.git
iroha/vcpkg/build_iroha_deps.sh
vcpkg/vcpkg integrate install

After the installation of vcpkg you will be provided with a CMake build parameter like -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=/path/to/vcpkg/scripts/buildsystems/vcpkg.cmake. Save it somewhere for later use and move to Building Iroha section.

5.2.2. Windows

Execute from Power Shell:

git clone https://github.com/hyperledger/iroha.git
powershell -ExecutionPolicy ByPass -File .\iroha\.packer\win\scripts\vcpkg.ps1 .\vcpkg .\iroha\vcpkg

After the installation of vcpkg you will be provided with a CMake build parameter like -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=C:/path/to/vcpkg/scripts/buildsystems/vcpkg.cmake. Save it somewhere for later use and move to Building Iroha section.

Note

If you plan to build 32-bit version of Iroha - you will need to install all the mentioned librares above prefixed with x86 term instead of x64.

5.3. Build Process

5.3.1. Cloning the Repository

This step is currently unnecessary since you have already cloned Iroha in the previous step. But if you want, you can clone the Iroha repository to the directory of your choice.

git clone -b master https://github.com/hyperledger/iroha
cd iroha

Hint

If you have installed the prerequisites with Docker, you don’t need to clone Iroha again, because when you run run-iroha-dev.sh it attaches to Iroha source code folder. Feel free to edit source code files with your host environment and build it within docker container.

5.3.2. Building Iroha

To build Iroha, use these commands:

cmake -H. -Bbuild -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=/path/to/vcpkg/scripts/buildsystems/vcpkg.cmake -G "Ninja"
cmake --build build --target irohad -- -j<number of threads>

Note

On Docker the path to a toolchain file is /opt/dependencies/scripts/buildsystems/vcpkg.cmake. In other environment please use the path you have got in previous steps.

Number of threads will be defined differently depending on the platform: - On Linux: via nproc. - On MacOS: with sysctl -n hw.ncpu. - On Windows: use echo %NUMBER_OF_PROCESSORS%.

Note

When building on Windows do not execute this from the Power Shell. Better use x64 Native tools command prompt.

Now Iroha is built. Although, if you like, you can build it with additional parameters described below.

5.3.3. CMake Parameters

We use CMake to generate platform-dependent build files. It has numerous flags for configuring the final build. Note that besides the listed parameters cmake’s variables can be useful as well. Also as long as this page can be deprecated (or just not complete) you can browse custom flags via cmake -L, cmake-gui, or ccmake.

Hint

You can specify parameters at the cmake configuring stage (e.g cmake -DTESTING=ON).

5.3.3.1. Main Parameters

Parameter Possible values Default Description
TESTING ON/OFF ON Enables or disables build of the tests
BENCHMARKING OFF Enables or disables build of the Google Benchmarks library
COVERAGE OFF Enables or disables lcov setting for code coverage generation
USE_LIBURSA OFF Enables usage of the HL Ursa cryptography instead of the standard one

Note

If you would like to use HL Ursa cryptography for your build, please install Rust in addition to other dependencies. Learn more about HL Ursa integration here.

5.3.3.2. Packaging Specific Parameters

Parameter Possible values Default Description
ENABLE_LIBS_PACKAGING ON/OFF ON Enables or disables all types of packaging
PACKAGE_ZIP OFF Enables or disables zip packaging
PACKAGE_TGZ OFF Enables or disables tar.gz packaging
PACKAGE_RPM OFF Enables or disables rpm packaging
PACKAGE_DEB OFF Enables or disables deb packaging

5.3.4. Running Tests (optional)

After building Iroha, it is a good idea to run tests to check the operability of the daemon. You can run tests with this code:

cmake --build build --target test

Alternatively, you can run the following command in the build folder

cd build
ctest . --output-on-failure

Note

Some of the tests will fail without PostgreSQL storage running, so if you are not using scripts/run-iroha-dev.sh script please run Docker container or create a local connection with following parameters:

docker run --name some-postgres \
-e POSTGRES_USER=postgres \
-e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=mysecretpassword \
-p 5432:5432 \
-d postgres:9.5 \
-c 'max_prepared_transactions=100'